The most suitable location for a first base on Mars is in the northern regions of the planet, said SpaceX founder Elon Musk.
The first Martians are better off choosing areas that have ice because it can be recycled to produce oxygen and energy, Musk said. He noted that in the northern latitudes it will be easier to land comic vehicles.
Last year, Elon Musk announced that the creation of a permanent colony on the Red Planet is an impossible task in the near future, since the construction of a self-sufficient city will take at least several decades, and will also require thousands of flights to Mars.
In September 2019, Musk unveiled a prototype of the reusable Starship spacecraft that can carry cargo and astronauts to both the Moon and Mars. According to the founder of SpaceX, the ship will be able to carry up to 100 people and can become the basis for the colonization of the Earth satellite and the Red Planet.