The court, without comment, on Tuesday let stand a lower court opinion that dismissed the lawsuit.
Democrats argued that Trump violated the clause by maintaining ownership of his companies while they conduct business with foreign governments without seeking congressional consent.
But a federal appeals court said in February that the members of Congress didn’t have the legal right to bring the case because they do not constitute a majority in the House or Senate. The Trump administration asked the justices to stay out.
“Petitioners do not constitute a majority of either chamber of Congress and thus are, as the court of appeals emphasized, powerless to approve or deny the President’s acceptance of foreign emoluments,” government lawyers told the Supreme Court.
This emoluments case was one of three ongoing constitutional challenges to Trump and his business, alleging that the President is violating the anti-corruption emoluments clause. Two other emoluments cases attack Trump for his alleged competitive advantage at the Trump-branded real estate empire. Those cases are still moving through the court system.
The Emoluments Clause of the Constitution, which has faced few judicial interpretations since it was written almost 250 years ago, says “no person holding any office … shall, without the consent of Congress” accept gifts or other benefits from foreign states.