The move to further restrict abortion had been pursued by Poland’s populist government for months, and has raised alarm among women’s rights campaigners and human rights watchdogs.
Around 98% of abortions in Poland had been conducted as a result of fetal defects, meaning the ruling bans virtually all termination procedures taking place in the country. It could force women to carry a child even if they know the baby will not survive childbirth, campaigners said on Thursday.
The Constitutional Court’s Thursday ruling marked the first change to Polish abortion law since 1993, but comes after a years-long effort from the government to curtail access to terminations.
It was condemned by the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovic, who called Thursday a “sad day for women’s rights.”
“Removing the basis for almost all legal abortions in Poland amounts to a ban and violates Human Rights,” Mijatovic tweeted. “Today’s ruling of the Constitutional Court means underground/abroad abortions for those who can afford and even greater ordeal for all others.”
“There is an effective ban on abortion in Poland now,” Agnieszka Kubal, a sociology and human rights scholar at University College London, told CNN. “This has to be read in the context of the wider right-wing discourse on abortion in Poland, that women cannot be trusted with the right to choose.”