Learn What Osteoporosis Is and What It’s Caused by

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Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases in America. It’s caused by a loss of bone density, which can lead to an increased risk for fracture and chronic pain. And it’s something that you might not even know you have until it manifests itself as a broken hip or painful back.

The good news is that there are things you can do to prevent osteoporosis, and even treat it if you have it. Here’s what you need to know about this disease.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become thin and porous, making them more likely to break. It affects both men and women, but is more common in women.

Osteoporosis is most often diagnosed after a bone fracture that occurs with no obvious cause, such as a fall or an injury. Once osteoporosis has been diagnosed, it’s important to take steps to prevent further bone loss and fractures.

What causes osteoporosis?

There are a number of factors that can contribute to the development of osteoporosis. These include:

  • A family history of osteoporosis
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Certain medications, such as corticosteroids and anticonvulsants
  • An unhealthy diet that’s low in calcium and vitamin D

Osteoporosis is a complex disease, and it’s not always clear why some people develop it while others don’t. But researchers believe that it’s often the result of a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Osteoporosis is typically diagnosed after a bone fracture that occurs with no obvious cause. But it can also be diagnosed through a bone density test, which measures the density of your bones.

If you’re considered to be at high risk for osteoporosis, your doctor may recommend a bone density test even if you haven’t had a fracture. This is because osteoporosis is often asymptomatic in its early stages, so by the time a fracture occurs, the disease may have already caused significant bone loss.

How is osteoporosis treated?

There are a number of treatments available for osteoporosis, and the best approach depends on the severity of your condition.

The first line of treatment is typically lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet that’s high in calcium and vitamin D. If these lifestyle changes aren’t enough to prevent bone loss or fractures, your doctor may prescribe medication.

There are a number of different medications used to treat osteoporosis, including bisphosphonates, calcitonin, estrogen, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs).

What can you do to prevent osteoporosis?

There are a number of things you can do to lower your risk for developing osteoporosis. These include:

Getting enough calcium and vitamin D: Calcium is essential for healthy bones, and vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. The best way to get these nutrients is through your diet. Foods that are high in calcium include dairy products, dark leafy greens, and tofu. And you can get vitamin D from fatty fish, egg yolks, and fortified foods.

Exercising regularly: Weight-bearing exercises, such as walking, jogging, and lifting weights, can help strengthen your bones and prevent bone loss.

Quitting smoking: Smoking increases your risk for osteoporosis, so quitting is one of the best things you can do for your bones.

Limiting alcohol consumption: Drinking too much alcohol can lead to bone loss. If you drink, do so in moderation.

Getting enough vitamin K: Vitamin K is another nutrient that’s important for bone health. It can be found in green leafy vegetables, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage.

Osteoporosis is a serious condition that can lead to pain and disability. But it’s also preventable and treatable. By making healthy lifestyle choices and working with your doctor, you can help keep your bones strong and prevent osteoporosis.

Visit a Doctor:

If you think you might be at risk for osteoporosis, make an appointment to see your doctor. They can help assess your risk and recommend steps you can take to prevent the disease. You can find Best Physiotherapist in Lahore or Best Physiotherapist in Karachi in your nearest hospitals.