Table Of Contents
Why use an egg donor?
Poor egg quality is the most common reason that couples and single women choose to donate eggs. As she gets older, her egg quality decreases and then begins to decline after 37 years.
Who uses egg donation?
- Couples where the woman is not able to produce eggs or has low-quality eggs but want to have a biological child with the male’s sperm.
- Women without ovaries, but with a functioning uterus
- Women who have genetic conditions that they don’t want to pass on to their kids are those with genetic issues.
- Women over 42 years of age
Egg Donation Requirements
Some women are not able to donate eggs. While programs vary in what qualities they choose, some criteria are pretty consistent. Legal reasons dictate that certain rules must be followed. Other policies aim to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy and ensure that both the recipient and the donor are safe.
Egg donors are usually of a certain age. Usually, this is 21. A woman may legally enter into a contract if she is below the lower limit. The higher limit is due to the fact that fertility drugs are less effective for older women. An older woman may have abnormal eggs, which could make it less likely that she will get pregnant or increase the chance of having a baby.
Some programs prefer donors who have given birth to children or donated eggs successfully. They are believed to be more fertile, and it is easier for them to predict their feelings about having offspring.
To determine if she is a suitable donor candidate, egg donors must undergo psychological and medical screening. This includes a complete medical history, physical exam, ovarian reserve assessment, and a mental and emotional screen. The egg donors are young, healthy women between the ages of 21 and 30.
Egg Donation Process
- To induce multiple egg ovulation, the egg donor receives hormone injections. The injections allow for multiple eggs to mature simultaneously, as women naturally release one egg per month. Her fertility doctor will schedule the procedure once her eggs have matured and are ready for retrieval.
- To retrieve each egg, the doctor puts the egg donor under sedation. The laboratory will attempt to fertilize multiple eggs in a laboratory with the recipient’s sperm, or a selected donor sperm. This is called in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- The embryo (fertilized egg), is then transferred to the recipient’s uterus.
The recipient and donor’s cycles are synchronized with medication in a new transfer cycle.
The embryos of a frozen transfer are usually frozen and transferred later. Sometimes frozen transfers can be used to perform preimplantation genetic screening for aneuploidy, which is an abnormal number of chromosomes.
If the embryo is successful, it will be implanted into the uterine wall and become a healthy baby.
Egg Donor Costs and Sources
The commercial egg donor agencies match couples and individuals with healthy donors. Infertility clinics often offer eggs donated from couples that have overproduced eggs.
Sometimes, the recipient might ask a friend or relative to donate her eggs. The recipient can choose to donate fresh eggs or frozen eggs (from a frozen bank).
On average, donors are paid between $7,000 and $15,000
Factors that make egg donation successful
Many factors play a role in the success of an egg donor.
Recipients should seek counseling for emotional concerns. An experienced attorney can help protect their rights and those of their children.