What Does The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Do – Role And Initiatives

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By Hayley

Federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC) is an independent federal agency in the US responsible for insuring bank deposits and thrifts in case of bank failures. It was created in 1933, as in the 1920s, the rise in bank failures created a national crisis that wiped out many Americans’ savings. After FDIC, no investor has lost a single penny of insured funds due to bank failures.

Many banks and prudence offer FDIC coverage, so customers shouldn’t face the insecurity of their deposits. Banks now have better opportunities to handle problems under controlled situations. In case of a bank failure, FDIC can restore up to $250,000 per bank for each account ownership category.

What does the federal deposit insurance corporation do? In this context, you’ll learn this along with its initiatives. 

Role of FDIC

The main goal of the FDIC was to avoid “run-on-the-bank’ situations, which destroyed many banks during the great depression. The federal deposit insurance corporation effect was the most significant and prolonged economic downfall in the history of the modern world, occurring between 1929 to 1941. Because of the discontinuation of a bank, worried customers rushed to the bank to withdraw their money in those banks.

The panic spread all over, a rush of customers seeking to get their deposits, ultimately resulting in the banks being unable to restore the customers’ money and support their withdrawal requests. The people who withdrew their money in the first place from a troubled bank got on the safe side, whereas the ones who waited risked losing all their savings overnight. There was no guarantee of the deposited money before the FDIC was formed.

Current accounts, saving accounts, certificates of deposits (CDs), and interest-bearing accounts are generally 100% covered by FDIC. Coverage extends to retirement accounts, but only the portions that fit the type of accounts listed above. Joint accounts, voidable and irrevocable trust accounts, and employee benefit plans are covered, as are corporate, partnership, and incorporated association accounts.

Initiatives Of The FDIC

What does the federal deposit insurance corporation do

FDIC has several notorious programs in the US to support stakeholders, including bankers, consumers, and analysts. Here are the schedules:


Technology is modifying the banking business, and the FDIC is working on setting the base for the subsequent banking division by encouraging innovation that meets consumer demand, promotes community banking, reduces compliance burdens, and modernizes supervision.

FDIC is dedicated to promoting innovative and transformative financial services and technologies and exploring how this innovation can help expand banking services to unbanked and underbanked consumers. FDIC is doing this all along with a new organization FDI TECH.

Trust Through Transparency

In 2018, FDIC announced trust through transparency, a new initiative to encourage a more profound culture of openness in the FDIC. It was built on the motto of public trust liability; this initiative strengthens the trust between FDIC and other regulators, the public, and the bank.

The FDIC focuses on transparency because it helps maintain trust in a safe and sound banking system—public participation increases, which leads to more stable economic growth and reduces conflicts. The culture of transparency and liability will fill in the information gaps to ensure the public, investors, and analysts stay informed.

Economic Inclusion

FDIC promotes economic inclusion by making research available and helping to create and strengthen positive connections between economically insured institutions and consumers, depositors, small businesses, and communities.

Federal deposit insurance corporation benefits include providing safe, affordable, renewable transactions, saving accounts, and quality financial education to improve consumers’ ability to hold, increase assets, and safely create wealth. Safe and affordable savings and credit solutions from insured investment firms can improve a family’s financial stability and flexibility.

Community Banking

Community banks play an essential part in the functioning of the US financial system and the larger economy, from lending to small business vendors and farmers to providing critical banking services in small suburbs and rural communities across the country. 

As the lead federal director for community banks, FDIC keeps an eye on industry trends and provides technical encouragement in various ways, which includes training videos, research, and workshops.

Community Affairs

The FDIC encourages people to engage with partners and resources in their communities at a local level. These unions promote the universal availability and use of safe, affordable, and sustainable financial products.

The FDIC holds conferences with banks, community networks, and educational institutions to support financial capability and inclusion. FDIC staff are available across the country to answer questions and address concerns.


What does the federal deposit insurance corporation do? You might have understood now. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is a firm in the USA that handles the insurance of consumers’ savings in banks and thrifts in case of bank failure and run. It came into being during the great depression to strengthen consumer confidence and encourage stability in the financial system. It ensures a deposit of up to $250,000 per depositor if the institution is a member firm. It’s necessary to confirm whether the bank is FDIC-insured before opening an account or depositing your savings there.


How many banks are protected by the FDIC?

In 2022, the FDIC guaranteed 4,135 private banks in the United States.

Who is the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation?

The FDIC protects accounts, checks and oversees financial institutions for safety, health, and customer protection, makes it possible for large and complicated financial institutions to be resolved, and handles receiverships.

What does protection from the FDIC cover?

The FDIC covers the money people put in insured banks in case an insured bank fails, which isn’t likely to happen. Each depositor at a protected bank is covered for at least $250,000. The FDIC covers all types of savings at a protected bank.