Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Indications, Causes, and Treatment

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Women who exhibit symptoms correlating to infection should seek medical attention. If they notice unusual vaginal discharge and unbearable pelvic pain, they should consult a gynecologist in Lahore. The specialist will conduct various tests to diagnose the disease and treat it accordingly.

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection in the reproductive organs that cause pain, unusual discharge, and temperature. The infection can be present in the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix and hinder bodily functioning. It is a sexually transmitted disease that usually affects women of age eighteen to thirty-five.

Signs of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • Women experience pain in the abdominal region.
  • The vaginal discharge is different in color, and it smells unpleasant.
  • The patient suffers from abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Women struggle with pain and discomfort while urinating.
  • The patient suffers from low-grade fever due to an infection
  • Women experience unbearable pain while engaging in sexual intercourse.

Known Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The causes of PID are:

  • Gonorrhea or chlamydia infections are known to cause pelvic inflammatory disease. The infection is transmitted while engaging in sexual activities.
  • Women who engage in unprotected sex are more likely to suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Women with multiple sex partners are at a higher risk of suffering from multiple diseases, including pelvic inflammatory disease.

Preventive Measures

The measures that can reduce the chances of contracting the infection and suffering from symptoms are:

  • Women should practice safe sex and make sure that their partner uses latex condoms while having intercourse.
  • Women should use contraceptive methods that can eliminate the risk of PID.
  • Women should prioritize their health and get tested for sexually transmitted diseases often.

Complications Associated with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The complications associated with the condition include:

  • Women with PID are at a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy. It requires medical attention or can be life-threatening.
  • Women are more prone to be infertile if they do not take proper treatment for PID.
  • PID can lead to chronic pelvic pain that can cause anxiety, infertility, and cancer.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to a Tubo-ovarian abscess. If it gets ruptured, it can lead to sepsis and become life-threatening.

Test to Diagnose Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The tests that can help determine if the patient is suffering from the pelvic inflammatory disease are:

  • The specialists will conduct a thorough physical examination to check the presence of blisters; that correlate with the condition.
  • The imaging testing, such as ultrasound, helps get a detailed picture of the reproductive organs. It helps detect an abnormality that indicates the presence of infection. Additionally, the test helps determine the severity of the condition.
  • Laparoscopy is a procedure; in which a thin tube is inserted to detect the changes in the reproductive organs caused by the disease.
  • A biopsy is a procedure; in which a small part of the tissue is evaluated under the microscope to rule out other possibilities causing the person to suffer from the symptoms.

Effective Treatment Options

The treatment options proven effective for PID are:

  • Use of Antibiotics: The medications help fight the infection, which causes extreme pain and discomfort to the patient.
  • Incision and Drainage Procedure: When the antibiotics fail to fight the infection and provide ease, the procedure is advised to the patient. The abscess rupture can cause multiple issues; hence, the procedure helps treat PID.

Women suffering from the pelvic inflammatory disease should consult a gynecologist. The specialist will help determine the cause of the condition and [provide guidance regarding preventive measures and complications associated with PID. Moreover, provide complete guidance regarding available and effective treatment options. Women who want to consult a competent and reliable gynecologist should book their appointment online through