Musculoskeletal Disorder : Treatment, Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

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What Is Musculoskeletal Disorder?

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are soft tissue injuries that are usually caused by sudden or prolonged exposure to repetitive motion, force, vibration, and awkward positions. They can affect muscles; tendons; joints; and cartilage in the upper-lower extremities, neck, and lower back. 

It affects the movement of the human body or the musculoskeletal system consisting of tendons, ligaments, muscles, intervertebral discs, blood vessels, nerves, etc. 

What Are The Main Causes Of Musculoskeletal Disorder?

MSD often occurs in the workplace because it is caused by frequent and repetitive movements that cause trauma to musculoskeletal structures. But the causes can also be linked to your daily activities at the workplace or home.

Factors that can cause musculoskeletal disorders include:

  • Repetitive motion like assembly line work
  • Excessive workload, such as carrying too heavy a load
  • Working in poor posture (e.g. overstressed joints, static work and working for long periods of time)
  • Traumatic work style (using demolition hammer)

If you have MSD pain that is affecting your health and quality of life, you must look out for the best orthopedic hospital in India.


What Are The Symptoms Of Musculoskeletal Disorder?


Some of the most common MSD symptoms are:


  • Stiffness, weakness, and pain are all often constant.
  • Reduced Range of Motion – Restrictions on mobility, dexterity and functional ability.
  • Noise in the joints – without early diagnosis and treatment, joint deformation can be seen.
  • Inflammation – in addition to pain and functional restriction, there is redness, swelling and overheating in the upper skin area.

How is Musculoskeletal Pain Diagnosed?


Orthopedics treatment begins by doing a diagnosis of thorough medical history. The best orthopedic may ask you questions to determine the severity of the disorder:


  • If you have other symptoms such as a skin rash or fever.
  • Whether your pain is acute or chronic.
  • What factors exacerbate or relieve pain?
  • Your doctor will then perform a physical exam to look for the source of the pain. They can even touch or move the affected area.

Can I Treat Musculoskeletal Pain At Home?

Before opting for the ortho surgeries your healthcare provider will help you manage musculoskeletal pain at home. Recommendations can include:


  • Hot and cold therapy
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Strength training and conditioning
  • Stretching
  • Stress Reduction Techniques

What Tests Can I Do For Musculoskeletal Pain?

Your doctor may order other tests before suggesting for the ortho surgeries to find the underlying cause of the pain. These tests may include:

  • Blood test
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • X-ray

When Should I Seek Help For Musculoskeletal Pain?

If the pain is interfering with your daily activities or how well you can function, then you must start searching for the best orthopedic hospital. See a doctor right away if you experience severe pain from a sudden injury.

Treatment of Musculoskeletal Disorder

Some of the most common types of treatment for musculoskeletal disorders are:

Medicine for musculoskeletal disorders

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen are drugs commonly used for musculoskeletal disorders. Examples of NSAIDs are ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen sodium. Paracetamol is a drug commonly used to treat mild pain.Steroids are often given for inflammatory arthritis or for severe or long-lasting joint damage. 

Physiotherapy for the treatment 

This helps your muscles, tendons, and ligaments move more easily and efficiently. Your physical therapist will create the right program for you. This includes exercises and stretches to improve your mobility, reduce pain, and remove scar tissue in the area.

The physical therapy treatments most often used to treat musculoskeletal disorders are referred to as “exercise-based approaches.”

Stem cell therapy to treat musculoskeletal disorders

In the best orthopedic Hospital stem cell therapy is used to treat joint injuries, osteoarthritis (OA). Stem cells are present in healthy joint tissue at the site of injury and respond by proliferating and differentiating into collagen fibers to repair damage caused by trauma. These progenitor cells are activated by cytokines, growth factors and extracellular matrix.

This process is referred to as tissue homeostasis, which requires the right balance between proliferation and differentiation to maintain a healthy tissue architecture. In cases where tissue homeostasis cannot be restored with restorative therapies such as physical therapy or cortisone injections, stem cell therapy may be used as a treatment modality to replace or regenerate damaged cartilage.