With the disappearance of bees on Earth, the end of the world may also come

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About how to choose the right honey, whether it can be dissolved in hot drinks, what are the main useful properties of this product, we talk with one of the famous beekeepers of the country, Pal Palych, and talk about the history of the holiday and the emergence of beekeeping in Kazakhstan.

Correct August honey

So, on August 14, the Savior of Honey is celebrated, and the people have their own explanation for its name: “to be saved” by the harvest for the winter period. The history of the Honey Savior dates back to pre-Christian times, when the harvest festival was celebrated. Later in Russia this day coincided with the celebration of the All-Merciful Savior and the Most Holy Theotokos, the victory of Andrei Bogolyubsky over the Volga Bulgars in 1164. The prince went on a campaign with the miraculous icon of the Vladimir Mother of God and the Holy Cross, and, according to legend, in the fight against enemies, Christian shrines helped him.

Another name for the holiday – Savior on the Water, or Wet Savior – came from the memory of the Baptism of Rus in August 988. On this day, they blessed the waters in rivers and lakes, bathed themselves and bathed livestock, cleansing themselves and praying for health.

And fresh honey was already ripening by the Savior of Honey, and the beekeepers cut out the first honeycombs from the hives, which they carried to the church for consecration. Honey was perceived both then and today not only as a tasty and healthy product, but also as grace. And they treat themselves to the holiday not only with honey and pastries from it, but also with “nutritious” honey, infused and seasoned with hops, which amuses and invigorates the soul.

August is rich in other Spas – on August 19, the Apple Savior is celebrated and apples, plums, and grapes are brought to the temple for consecration. And on August 29 – the third Savior, that he had enough bread. For the holiday, the first bread was baked from the grain of the new harvest, and on the same day, on Orekhovy Spas, a healing nut liqueur was prepared for the winter. As today, it was made from walnut bridges, and the product has always been considered useful for replenishing the deficiency in the body of iodine and other trace elements.

It is important to understand that after August 14, honey is considered wrong – you can no longer pump it. Therefore, we are saved – we are stocking up on the harvest harvested before the Honey Savior.

From the history of beekeeping in Almaty region

Beekeeping in Kazakhstan appeared, by historical standards, not so long ago – no more than 230 years ago. Having spread first through the forests of Altai and Siberia, it aroused great interest in Central Asia, Turkestan Territory and Semirechye. The first bees were brought to Semirechye in 1848, to Tashkent in 1872, to Fergana in 1880, Samarkand in 1898. There is, however, a version of the earlier appearance of the first apiaries in Kazakhstan – it falls on 1786, according to the National Union of Beekeepers of Kazakhstan “Bal-Ara”.

At the homeland of Kazakhstani beekeeping in Ust-Kamenogorsk, political exiles A.N. Fedorov (1857-1918) and E.P. Michaelis (18411913), as well as A.S. Khakhlov (18451918), T.D. Kopyrin (1869-1955), D.G. Pankratyev (1867-1956). The bees were brought to the city of Verny (Almaty) from Ust-Kamenogorsk. The favorable climate, rich melliferous flora of the Zailiyskiy Alatau allowed the bees to settle down well in a new place, which gave an impetus for their widespread breeding. In 1856, the Cossacks of the Bolshaya Almaty stanitsa started their apiaries. Consisting of two to five hives, they grew to 150 bee houses. And the village of Nadezhdenskaya and the peasant village of Mikhailovskoye soon became the leading beekeeping centers of Verny. In 1870, a scientific and practical beekeeper settled here, who gave the beekeepers the necessary training and recommendations. This contributed to the improvement of the culture of beekeeping and the production of honey and wax.

Today in Kazakhstan there are about 12 thousand beekeepers who produce more than two thousand tons of honey per year, although there is an expert opinion that it is possible to produce up to a million tons of honey and receive an income of billions of dollars per year. However, we did not understand the facts and figures, but just went with a colleague Evgenia Morozova to visit one of the most famous Almaty beekeepers Pavel Pavlovich Konovalov, the founder of the “Real Honey” apiary in the Koklasai Gorge.

Experienced tips

Whoever knows this sunny person calls him Pal Palych, and judging by the reception he gives, I want to recognize him as a relative – he is so sincere. Pal Palych gave us a short tour of his apiary and gave practical advice on the use, storage of honey, and determination of its qualities.

First of all, having changed into a protective suit, we asked what to do in case of bee stings. The bees, as Pal Palych jokingly remarked, are not toothed, therefore they do not bite, but sting:

– It is necessary to use, if there is an allergy, prednisone or traditional white, but in the absence of allergies, thank the creature for the benefits brought to the body. Bees, by the way, are not the first to attack, only in case of sudden movements, which they take for aggression.

And the hives are buzzing, and at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level, in a picturesque mountain gorge, they look like the most beautiful creatures of God – colorful, silky.

“There is one mother-queen in the hive, up to 50 thousand female worker bees, deprived of reproductive functions, and several hundred drones,” says the beekeeper. – If one of the drones is lucky in a short life, he can mate one day. This happens in early spring, and in August we will no longer find a single drone, because the bees are very rational and will not feed unnecessary members of their team – they just drive them out, and the drones die.

The bee lives 35 days, feeding on porridge. Mom feeds only on royal jelly and lives for five years, producing up to two thousand eggs. The bees in the hive are always mother’s sisters.

Honey to the Savior in this apiary is pumped up and instantly spreads to friends, acquaintances, retail outlets and storerooms.

– If you want to know that you are buying real honey, I recommend going to a friend you trust. But, when there is no such thing, you have to rely on your own knowledge. If you come to a market or a shopping center and see honey of green, blue, pink flowers, turn around and leave – this does not happen. The honey should have a natural color – from light white and light gray to dark brown. The consistency of honey should be either runny or shrunken but not sugared. You can find information about this on the Internet. If possible, put honey on a stick and see how it flows down – the honey should go like caramel, and the higher you lift it, the thinner the stream, and it still will not spread into the liquid and will not fall anywhere, but forms a lump.

You can look at the aroma of honey: take half a spoonful of honey for this and put it on the tip of your tongue, press it against the palate and click several times, and you will immediately smell the aroma nasally, and your throat will feel that honey is real. You can also check honey for moisture – drop it on a napkin, and if a water halo appears on its back side, it means that the honey is not ripe, its character and qualities have not developed, and it can immediately sour. The aroma can also be understood by rubbing a drop of honey on the glass. Honeys with a “masculine” character have a pronounced dominant aroma. We bring such honey from the Far East, for example. We include those collected from buckwheat, linden, chestnut to male brutal honey.

Here in the apiary all the honey is forbs, and the bees carry nectar from 250 herbs of the fertile Trans-Ili Alatau. Pal Palych recommended storing honey in a dark place. If heated, then only in a water bath, but the myth that honey cannot be added to hot tea and milk, he completely debunked, almost speaking obscenely towards the Russian TV presenter E. Malysheva and all kinds of “marketers”.

– It is necessary to return to science to understand that honey is not added instantly to a boiled product, since both water and milk are poured into a glass at room temperature. The spoon with which honey is collected and lowered into it also has a different temperature, and as a result, the optimal option for dissolving honey is formed. All our grandmothers and mothers gave us hot milk with honey and butter for colds so that our throat would not hurt. And tea with honey has been drunk as a healthy product since ancient times.

Almost everyone knows how good and useful honey is, but Pal Palych believes that honey cannot be attributed to the qualities of a medicinal herb.

– Honey has the most useful property – it is easily digestible sugars, and its main benefit is that it is a source of coenzyme – an enzyme “responsible” for the youth and health of the human body. Coenzyme is a spark of life that strengthens the chemical processes in our body. And over the years, their number decreases. But our body assimilates them with benefit only 25-30 grams, the rest works for sugar.

And other useful properties of honey

Honey is antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral. Before the discovery of insulin, homeopathic doctors used it to treat diabetes and recommended that patients eat it instead of sugar. A teaspoon of natural honey before bedtime acts as a sedative, helping children to avoid enuresis.

Honey gives energy and strength. A glass of hot milk with honey helps to relieve coughs and colds, can be used to suppress acid indigestion, and mixed with ginger, lemon juice, and warm water will reduce nausea and energize. The same method relieves a hangover. And this is so little of everything in which all honey benefits are expressed. The main thing is to use real honey, in moderation and with pleasure, maintaining vigor and beauty, and also the work of beekeepers, because they save us from many other troubles.

The great Einstein argued that with the disappearance of bees on Earth, the end of the world would come. Various oracles, including the clairvoyant Vanga, spoke about the same. Unfortunately, their predictions are becoming reality. Among the reasons for the disappearance of bees, scientists call the large-scale use of pesticides, which means the deterioration of the environment, climate change, the impact of cellular radio signals on insects. They make them vulnerable to ticks and violate, according to research by German scientists, the orientation system of bees that die from the inability to find their way home to the hive. So there is something to think about. All goodness, sanity and the right honey!

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