In the next 50 years, Russia will become warmer by three to four degrees, which will lead to dangerous consequences. This was announced by Vladimir Semyonov, head of the climatology laboratory of the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, deputy director of the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
He noted that in Russia, due to its geographic location, average temperatures rise faster than in more southern countries. As Semenov said, in the Moscow region the average daily temperature will be above zero, and, for example, in Siberia, instead of 25 degrees of frost, it will be minus 20.
At the same time, according to the climatologist, the eternal summer in Russia will not come, and in the Arctic there will always be sea ice in the winter.
“As temperatures rise, the frequency and intensity of heat waves increases, as we have seen in recent decades. Summer is getting hotter. And periods of prolonged and hot weather are becoming more frequent, “Semyonov is quoted by the Mir 24 TV channel.
The specialist also added that heat waves threaten forest fires and already in Siberia their range has expanded significantly to the north.
“The moisture content of the atmosphere increases with warming, this is a physical law: a warmer atmosphere contains more water vapor,” the climatologist emphasized.
He explained that steam is latent heat, which, when condensed, leads to an increase in temperature. In turn, this causes squalls, extreme rainfall and tornadoes. According to the scientist, in most regions, the intensity of precipitation increases with warming and rainfall becomes more.
Semenov said that warming will be felt more strongly in cities – there, and so the air temperatures are higher due to asphalt, concrete and less greenery. Therefore, the townspeople will be more susceptible to climatic stress. The specialist noted that heat waves will lead to droughts, and the frequency and area of their distribution will also increase.
According to the scientist, in order to avoid negative consequences, all countries need to limit greenhouse gas emissions, this measure is spelled out in the Paris Climate Agreement. Semenov also urged to prepare for the upcoming changes – to expand green areas in cities and create new reservoirs.
On April 18, Yevgeny Tishkovets, a leading employee of the Phobos weather center, warned Moscow residents about the “baric pit” expected for the coming week. He also added that by the end of the week the temperature will rise to plus 15-20, after which the capital will be covered with a new wave of cold.