Initially the fee was supposed to go into effect on September 1, but the Federal Housing Finance Agency, which is the regulator that oversees Freddie and Fannie, announced Tuesday that it would delay the implementation of the fee until December 1. The agency also said loans with balances under $125,000 will be exempt from the fee.
The fee comes at a time when applications for refinancing mortgages are surging, with homeowners trying to save money by taking advantage of record low interest rates.
Who will end up paying for the fee?
Fannie and Freddie, which guarantee roughly half of the country’s mortgages, do not directly give mortgages to borrowers, but instead buy mortgages from lenders and repackage them for investors. The new fee will be levied on the lenders, requiring them to pay an extra 0.5% of the loan amount as a one-time charge.
Fannie and Freddie argue the fee will not cause the cost of homeowners’ mortgage payments to go up because a refinance usually lowers their payments. They say the new fee on an average mortgage would merely reduce those savings by about $15 a month. So homeowners previously saving $133 a month would now be saving $118 per month, on average.
Frater and Brickman also said there is no requirement for lenders to charge consumers a higher rate. They noted that given how record low mortgage rates are spurring a surge in refinances, many mortgage lenders are seeing record high profit margins.
“We believe that given current market conditions, some lenders may choose to absorb the new fee and keep rates unchanged,” they wrote.
But critics say the likelihood of that happening is slim.
“The idea that lenders are not going to pass this along to the consumer is a pipe dream,” said Greg McBride, chief financial analyst at Bankrate. “This is essentially an additional tax levied on the merchandise that will be passed on to the consumer. It is Fannie and Freddie reaching into the borrower’s pockets.”
And consumers looking to refinance will have trouble avoiding the fee, said McBride.
Borrowers getting jumbo loans are not subject to the fee, although they are paying higher rates anyway. Borrowers getting FHA, VA, USDA Rural, or other loans not conforming to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac standards are not subject to the fee either, McBride said.
Focusing the fee on refinances — which now comprise 65% of mortgage activity, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association — is particularly galling to McBride.
“There are not a lot of economic bright spots right now,” he said. “But one is that with record low mortgage rates homeowners can refinance their mortgages and generate meaningful monthly savings. That savings can shore up their finances and they will end up pumping it back into the economy. Why would you dampen that?”
Fannie and Freddie argue they should be allowed to generate income and the fee is expected to get them out of the government conservatorship they were placed in following the global financial crisis in 2008.
But making that a priority during the current economic crisis has critics concerned.
“The entities have been in conservatorship since 2008,” said McBride. “Now suddenly, in August 2020, they say they need to think about this mandate and selectively levy this fee? It doesn’t pass the smell test.”
Consumers need to understand, he said, this fee is not coming from lenders. “This isn’t lenders levying this fee. This comes from Freddie and Fannie. The lenders are just as livid as consumers.”
Strong resistance to the new fee
Opposition to the new fee has been widely shared among lenders, political leaders and consumer interest groups. And when the fee was first introduced and expected to go into effect in September, many groups spoke out against it.
Lenders said it would raise interest rates on homeowners and dampen the surge in refinancing. Consumer interest groups called out the fee for flying in the face of efforts to aid struggling homeowners during a difficult economic time. Political leaders
“Requiring Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to charge a 0.5% fee on refinance mortgages they purchase will raise interest rates on families trying to make ends meet in these challenging times,” said Bob Broeksmit, president of the Mortgage Bankers Association.
Broeksmit called the policy bad for the nation’s homeowners and for the fledgling economic recovery, and urged FHFA, the regulator that approved the fee, to withdraw “this ill-timed, misguided directive.”
“An administration that says it is helping homeowners during a pandemic hurts them instead,” said Ed Mierzwinski, senior director, federal consumer program at US Public Interest Research Group. “Consumers who are refinancing to take advantage of record low mortgage rates now face this unnecessary, unjustified fee that could reduce the average refi’s savings by well over $1,000.”
“This is very disappointing, and the absolute wrong policy at the wrong time,” said Vince Malta, president of the National Association of Realtors and broker at Malta & Co. in San Francisco.
“Home values and residential real estate are a rock for the American economy right now,” he said. “We should do everything we can to lower costs for households during this crisis.”