Dying Languages

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Languages play an essential part in portraying the culture of a specific country, or it depicts the art and culture of a particular group of people. Many languages have gained so much popularity worldwide, but they have lost their worth and importance and are gradually vanishing. Many languages are on the verge of disappearing because their speakers have died or have adopted other languages. Such languages are known as endangered languages or moribund languages. A language becomes a “Dead language” if the native speaker of that particular language dies. If no one speaks a language, it becomes an “extinct language.” A dead language can be studied and read in books and history but is not said. There are many which are dying rapidly due to its non-acceptance.  

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DIFFERENT DYING LANGUAGES:  

Many languages are dying and losing their identity. The languages which are near to be dead are: 

  • Belarusian:  

This language is still close to Ukrainian and Russian; it’s spoken on a tiny scale. The reason is that people have opted for the Russian language more than this language. 

 

  • Koro: 

 

It is said that the number of Koro languages is only 800 – 1000. It is used in East Kameng – Northeast India. The language has a treasure of culture, and its dying is also dying of heritage.  

 

  • Manchu:  

 

Manchu is the Chinese language, but now only a few people are left using this language. This is because many people have replaced this language with another language.  

 

  • Ata:  

 

This language was spoken in some parts of the Philippines but now is dying because only a few people are left who are using this language.  

Other than these languages, many different languages are considered dying for political and cultural reasons. Languages are dying year by year. About 35 percent of languages worldwide are currently losing their worth because the speaker of that language is dying. There is also an estimation that about 50 percent of the languages spoken in the present era will vanish in the next 100 years. Some people also say that up to 90 percent of current languages will have disappeared by 2115. 

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WHY ARE LANGUAGES DYING?  

Many factors determine the life of a language. Cultural, political, and natural factors affect language and their vulnerability. People do not speak some languages because others do not accept those languages. Minority languages die because their speakers chose to teach their next generation some other, which is accepted by others also.  Natural disasters also play a role in the dying of languages. When many people in small areas die due to natural disasters and accidents, the language also fails with the speakers. The number of speakers starts decreasing, and only a few people are left who know their language. Similarly, when people migrate to different areas due to natural or political reasons, they also have to speak the language they have migrated to. Thus, they stop speaking their native language.  

The Middle East countries like India and Pakistan have many small areas and cities. Many languages are spoken in these two countries, but many languages in these countries are dying gradually because of the aforementioned reasons. This proves that a language depends on many factors, and to protect languages, its speakers should take steps.  

HOW TO SAVE DYING LANGUAGES:  

As different studies have shown the facts and figures of the endangered languages, steps should be taken to protect those languages to protect the cultural aspect and traditional heritage related to that language. Languages of minority areas should be taught to children to avoid losing their importance.  

As so many languages are in danger, linguists try hard to save such languages. They are trying their best to learn about those languages so that when a language dies, its knowledge doesn’t die. They take help from different communities to promote those languages that people now do not prioritize. Rules and grammar of such languages are published in books and dictionaries so that people can also learn and understand that language later. The languages have vast knowledge, so they should be protected and saved by all means.