Color Theory: A Basic Guide to Better Understandings of Colors

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By Henry Jackson

Color is a powerful tool that is used to make a big impact on your designs and customers’ senses. However, with such power, many nuances go into making the perfect color scheme and understanding how to apply them! I will cover the basics of understanding color theory, including the color wheel and different types of colors.

What are the components of colors?

The three primary colors are red, green, and blue. When these colors are mixed, they create all the other colors in the spectrum. When light hits an object, it bounces off the surface and hits your eye. Your eye then sends a signal to your brain, which tells you what color that object is. 

There are different theories about how humans perceive color. The trichromatic theory states that humans can see three primary colors: red, green, and blue. This theory was developed by Sir Isaac Newton in the 1600s. He believed that our eyes could see these colors because of how light interacts with objects. 

The opponent process theory states that people are not limited to seeing just three colors. Instead, it believes that all humans have a fourth color known as yellow or indigo blue. German physicists developed this theory in the 1800s. They believed that when two other colors (red and green) interact, they create a new color (yellow or indigo blue). 

The cone model of vision is another theory about how humans see color. It states that humans have six primary receptors called cones in their eyes, which help them see color. These cones work together to give us our full range of color perception.

How do we identify colors?

A color wheel is a tool that is used to help identify colors. It comprises six primary colors – red, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet – and three secondary colors – orange, purple, and gray.

When considering color, you should look at the hue (what color the light is reflecting), the saturation (how intense the color is), and the brightness (how much light is being reflected). You can use a color wheel to know what these values are for a specific color.

To create a basic color wheel, divide a sheet of paper into nine squares. It’s easiest to do this if you have other objects around that can serve as reference points. Start by drawing a horizontal line down the middle of the paper. Then place one reference point on either side of the line: red at one end and violet at the other. Next, divide each square in half horizontally, so it has four smaller squares. Place another reference point in each square so that they form an “X.” The first two reference points determine your primary colors: red and violet. The next two points determine your secondary colors: blue and green. From there, it’s just a matter of adding more points to fill in any gaps until all nine squares are filled in (or until you run out of space). Take your original reference point (in this case, red) and move it up or down along the horizontal.

Color Wheel

Color theory is a vast and complex subject with many differences to explore. In this basic guide, we will discuss the basics of color theory, including the colors on the RGB color wheel and how to use them in design.

The colors on the RGB color wheel can be understood as primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. Primary colors are red, green, and blue; secondary colors are yellow, orange, and purple; tertiary colors are brown, gray, and pink. When working with these colors in the design, it’s important to remember that they are not always evenly distributed across the spectrum. For example, red is heavily represented at the far end of the spectrum, while green is more evenly dispersed throughout. It can impact how each color is used in a design.

When creating a design using the colors on the RGB color wheel, it’s important to consider what other colors are in your environment. For example, suppose you’re designing a website for an office environment with lots of white walls and furniture. In that case, it might be best to use primarily blue or green tones instead of including every color on the wheel. Additionally, when selecting fonts for your designs, consider which colors they’re available so that your text looks consistent across devices and browsers.

Learning About Space, Value, and Complementary Colors

Color is an important part of our lives and can be used to create a feeling or atmosphere. There are many different colors, and it can be difficult to remember them all. This article will teach you about color theory, which is the basic understanding of colors.

There are three main colors: red, green, and blue. These colors are called primary colors because they are the first ones we see when we open our eyes. The other colors we see depend on how light is reflected off them. For example, yellow is made by combining red and green light.

The next step in learning about color theory is to learn about complementary colors. Complementary colors are pairs of opposite colors that work well together. For example, purple and yellow are complementary because they contrast nicely. When you mix these two colors, they create a beautiful purple hue.

One last thing to know about color theory is that there are also shades of each color. For example, black is made by combining all of the other colors, so there isn’t a specific shade for it.

The True Colors of the Rainbow

The true colors of the rainbow are blue, green, orange, red, and yellow. When light passes through raindrops or leaves, these colors can be seen in nature. These colors make up the visible spectrum when we look at them together.


we discuss color theory basics and how to better understand color. By understanding the basic concepts of color, you can create more harmonious and pleasing designs.

There are three primary colors: red, green, and blue. These are the colors that make up all visible light. When white light is broken down into parts, these three colors are the only ones that can be seen. There is also a fourth color, called ultraviolet (UV), but it is not visible to the human eye.

A color wheel is a tool used to describe the relationships between colors. The wheel has six spokes: red at one end, blue at the other, and yellow in the center. The directions around the wheel are called hues: red-yellow-green-blue-indigo-violet. The order of these hues around the wheel doesn’t matter; what matters is their position on the wheel relative to each other.

When we see a color, our eyes process it by breaking it down into parts. First, our eyes identify the brightness or luminosity of an object. It is done by measuring how much light falls on an object compared to how much light falls on a blank background (black). Objects with a high luminosity (bright colors) will reflect more light than objects with a low luminosity (dark colors). Second, our eyes determine what type of spectrum (color) an object emits. An


What is the difference between a primary color and a secondary color?

A primary color is the original color of something. For example, blue is a primary color. A secondary color is a shade of the original color. For example, green is a secondary color.

What are the uses of color wheel?

The uses of the color wheel has three main categories:

-Color Harmonies: When certain colors are paired, they create harmony or a feeling of calm. It is often used in interior design to create an emotional response. 

-Color Combinations: When two or more colors are put together, they can create interesting and new combinations. It is often used in fashion to give an extra pop of color. 

-Color Symbolism: Colors have been used for centuries as symbols for different things. For example, red symbolizes courage, green represents growth, and blue represents the sky.