10 Photography Basics Every beginner Should Know

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By Freya

10 Photography Basics Every beginner Should Know

Photography is one of those arts growing in popularity daily. But before you start snapping away and uploading your photos to Instagram, it’s important to know the basics. Today, many individuals learn photography online, which is a terrific approach to browsing through lots of information (and carrying a reference in your pocket). The internet is great for answering inquiries, but it’s not always helpful for researching a big topic.

After more than a decade, Photography, Life decided to address this vacuum for starting photographers. We believe that anyone can start learning photography with little to no prior knowledge, dig in, and master the key fundamentals.

According to Research, Self-employment makes up 68% of the photographic industry. With 5,220 photographers holding traditional jobs, the state of California has the most photographers overall.

This blog post will explore ten photography basics every beginner should know. These basics, from camera settings, to photo composition, will help you take your photography to the next level. So dive in, and let’s get started!

What is photography?

Photography is capturing images with a camera and editing them to create a finished product. There are many different types of photography, but the most common form is still photography. This means that you take pictures of objects or people without motion involved. You can use photography for various purposes, such as documenting your life, creating art, or capturing memories. Photography is a versatile skill used in many different areas of your life.

photography basics

10 Photography Basics To Follow

Below, you’ll find an in-depth discussion of each photography principle, but in a word, these are the most fundamental aspects of photography:

1- Camera Settings

There are a few basic camera settings that every beginner should know.


  • First, set the ISO speed. The higher the ISO number, the more sensitive the sensor is to light and the greater the chance of noise appearing in your photograph. You can usually adjust this camera setting by pressing the shutter button halfway and turning the dial to increase or decrease the ISO speed.


  • The next thing you need to think about is the aperture. The aperture controls how much light enters your camera lens. It is therefore responsible for allowing a shallow depth of field (a blurry background) or letting in a lot of light to create a bright highlight in your photograph. The smaller the aperture number, the wider open it will be; therefore, less light will go into your camera; Conversely, a large aperture number will allow more light into your camera and produce a brighter image. You can change this setting by pressing the shutter button halfway and turning the dial to either lessen or enlarge the aperture opening. 


  • Finally, you’ll want to consider how long you want your exposure to be for each photograph. This is determined by how fast or slow you want your film or digital sensor to respond when taking a picture – shorter exposures are good for capturing fast action. In comparison, longer exposures give more control over artistic effects like blurring motion blur or adding depth of field. You can set the shutter speed by pressing the shutter button halfway and turning the dial to either a fast speed (like 1/200th of a second) or a slow speed (like 30 seconds).

2- White Balance

  • When taking a photo, it’s important to have the correct white balance. White balance is a setting on your camera that allows you to adjust the colours in your image to match what you see in real life. 


  • There are three main settings: Auto, daylight, and tungsten. The auto will usually produce the most accurate results, but daylight or tungsten should work fine if you need help deciding which setting to use. Just click on your camera’s menu button (usually located on the top left of the screen), and then select “white balance.” 


3- ISO

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a global consortium of national standards bodies that develops and promotes voluntary standardization. ISO provides certification and other services related to quality management, safety, environmental protection, and trade. ISO manages the international standardization process for many technical disciplines, including photography.

ISO has created various standards for photography that help to ensure consistent quality across products and processes. These standards include:

  • ISO 20000: 2011 establishes guidelines for improving the quality of digital images captured with digital still cameras.


  • ISO 12800: 2012 defines general requirements for the performance of digital image sensors used in digital cameras.


  • ISO 25600: 2015 specifies performance requirements for single-frame continuous shooting performance with digital SLR cameras using medium format CMOS image sensors.

4- Shutter Speed

  • The aperture is another important factor in photography basics. The aperture is the size of the hole in a camera that controls how much light enters the camera. Aperture can be set between f/1.4 and f/22, with f/1.4 being the most open and f/22 being the most closed. 


  • When taking a picture, you want your aperture to be at its widest setting so that as much light enters the camera. When your aperture is at its narrowest setting, less light will enter the camera, and your picture will be darker. 


  • When you take a picture with an aperture wide open, more background noise may appear in your picture because more light is able to enter the camera without clipping any of the colour information in your image.

5- Aperture

  • What is the aperture?

The aperture is the opening in a camera lens that controls how much light enters the camera. It’s usually measured in terms of f-stops, which stands for “focal-length stops.” The smaller the number, the more closed the aperture is. Aperture also affects depth of field, or how wide or narrow your subject’s focus will be in a photograph.

  • How does the aperture affect image quality?

The quality of an image can be affected by several factors, including exposure (how bright or dark your subject appears), depth of field (the area in front and behind your focused point that appear acceptably sharp), and noise (grainy-looking details). Aperture also affects how your subjects look against their backgrounds; a wider aperture will blur backgrounds more than a narrower one. 


  • Can I adjust my aperture on my own?

Yes! Most cameras have exposure compensation buttons (usually around the shutter button) that allow you to change the aperture without changing your camera settings. First, ensure your camera is set to automatic mode to use this feature. Then press and hold down the exposure compensation button while turning the volume knob on the back of your camera until you see an indication on the screen that says “AE C/Av+.” Now release both buttons and turn the volume knob until you see “A” displayed next to “AE” onscreen; this indicates that your camera has locked in the new aperture setting. You can now take your picture!

6- Compensation for Lighting Conditions

One of the most important aspects of photography basics is lighting. Like in real life, good lighting can make a picture look amazing, while bad lighting can ruin an otherwise great photo. This article will discuss some common compensation techniques photographers use to adjust their exposure to different light conditions.

There are three types of light: natural, artificial, and flash.

  • Natural light is the most basic form of lighting, and it comes from the sun or other natural sources such as windows or lamps. It’s the most popular type of lighting because it’s usually the best quality and it’s free. However, natural light has one major downside: it doesn’t always provide enough illumination for photographs.


  • Artificial light comes from sources such as flashbulbs, studio lights, or even digital cameras themselves. Artificial light is good for photographing objects close up because it provides a consistent level of illumination throughout the photo. However, artificial lights can create harsh shadows and bright highlights, which can be difficult to correct in post-production.


  • Finally, flash photography uses a special artificial light type, a strobe. A strobe flashes photos rapidly to appear as if they were taken with a continuous beam of light. This technique is useful for photographing fast-moving objects or subjects that don’t respond well to regular artificial lights.


  • When adjusting exposure for natural light, photographers often use a technique known as exposure compensation. This involves adjusting the camera’s ISO (International Standards Organization) setting to increase or decrease the amount of light entering the camera. The more light enters the camera, the brighter the image will be.


  • However, exposure compensation is only effective when using natural light. If you are using artificial light, you will need to use another technique, such as brightness and contrast or white balance adjustment.


  • When photographing with artificial light, photographers often use a technique known as aperture priority mode. This allows them to adjust the aperture (the lens size) without affecting the ISO setting. This gives them more control over how much light is entering the camera and can be used to create a range of different effects, from soft shadows to sharp highlights.


  • Finally, when using flash photography, photographers often use a technique known as fill-in flash. This allows them to add extra light to areas without illumination from regular artificial lights. Fill-in flash can be used to create a range of different effects, from subtle highlights to complete darkness.

7- Tilting the Camera

Tilting the camera lets you change the perspective of your photograph. To tilt the camera, use your hand to rotate the lens around its axis. This will rotate the image on the screen so that it appears from a different angle.

8- Using a Tripod

If you’re serious about photography, a tripod is essential. A tripod allows you to take clear, stable photos with lessens camera shake. A good tripod can also help you get creative shots by making it easier to hold the camera still while taking a photo. 

There are a variety of tripods available, so it can take time to decide which one is right for you. This guide will teach you the basics of choosing and using a tripod.


9- Focus Length

  • The fundamentals of photography revolve around the lens, which includes the focal length.


  • It’s a fundamental notion in photography basics that will inform your image-making and lens selection.


  • The distance in millimetres between the lens’s optical centre and the camera’s sensor is what the focal length measures. The depth of focus and field of view of your photographs will change as the focal length of your camera is shortened or lengthened.


  • Wide-angle lenses, which have a shorter focal length, capture a wider scene than telephoto lenses, which capture a smaller scene. Distortion occurs at wider angles of vision, whereas magnification occurs at narrower ones due to the focal length’s influence.


  • Each factor is crucial for budding photographers since it affects how the subject and final image turn out.


  • If you follow the simple infographic I’ve provided below, you’ll be able to understand this photographic concept easily.

10- Diameter Of The Sensor

  • The size of the camera’s sensor is another essential aspect of photography basics that novices frequently neglect.


  • A large camera sensor is crucial. When it comes to photography, there is no “ideal” sensor size; rather, different sensor sizes serve different purposes.


  • The standard 35 mm sensor size, often known as Full-Frame, is the standard in digital photography basics. Cropped sensors are defined as those less than this size, whereas medium-format sensors are defined as those larger than this size. The ability to take the photographs you desire depends on your familiarity with the many types of sensors, their attributes, and the results they can produce.


  • For instance, a sensor with larger pixels is preferable for night photography because they are more effective at capturing light, resulting in a higher-quality image with reduced digital noise.


  • When shooting distant subjects like animals or sports, the focal length is just as critical as the sensor size due to the increased reach and magnification that the smaller sensor will provide.


  • After the camera sensors have processed all other effects, the depth of field remains. If two cameras have the same focal length and field of vision, the depth of field will be smaller than the one with the larger sensor. When taking portraits, for instance, it’s common practice to use a bigger sensor in order to reduce the depth of field and the bokeh effect.


  • One of the fundamentals of photography basics you should pay attention to is sensor size.

photography basics

Photography Tips for taking great photos outdoors

  1. Use a sturdy tripod to stabilise your camera while taking photos.
  2. Shoot in RAW format so you can adjust the image later on if necessary.
  3. Experiment with different lighting setups to capture different moods and scenes.
  4. Keep things simple by using natural light when possible.
  5. Take advantage of props and backgrounds to add interest to your shots.
  6. Be patient and take your time; sometimes, the best photos are the ones that take a little longer to shoot.

Basic Photography Tips for creative photos

1. Shoot in RAW format

When you first start taking pictures, you might be tempted to shoot in JPEG format because that’s what everyone else is doing. But shooting in RAW format will give you more control over the final image. You can adjust Camera settings such as white balance, exposure, and contrast later in your photo editing software. This will help achieve a better result than if you shot in JPEG format and had to guess at these settings.

2. Use manual settings when possible

Many Camera settings are automated and will do most of the work for you. But sometimes, you want to take control and manually set the shutter speed, aperture, and ISO. This allows you to create unique photos that wouldn’t be possible with automatic settings.

3. Experiment with light and shadows

One of the benefits of shooting in RAW format is that you can always go back and edit your photos later if you want to change something about them, like adding shadows or highlights. Experiment with different light sources and see their effects on your photograph.

4. Be creative!

The most important thing is to have fun while you’re taking pictures. There’s no need to be constrained by conventional photography basic guidelines. Shoot whatever comes into your mind and see what happens!

Basic photo editing tips

  • Before you take your first photo, make sure to gather some basics. These include knowing the ISO setting on your camera and how to compose a shot properly.


  • Once you’ve got your photos ready to go, you can use some basic photo editing tips to enhance them. You can crop and edit your images’ colours, brightness, and contrast using tools like Adobe Photoshop or GIMP. You can also add effects like sepia or black and white to give your photos a more creative edge.


  • There are also a variety of photo-sharing platforms like Instagram that offer users a wide range of photo editing options. So be sure to check out their settings before posting your shot!


How to choose a camera?

When choosing a camera, there are a few things to remember. 

  • The first is what your budget is. Do you want a camera that will last you for years, or do you want something that is cheaper and may not last as long? 


  • Next, what type of photography basics are you interested in? Are you just starting out and want an easy camera to use, or are you experienced and looking for a more advanced option? 


  • Finally, what size camera do you need? Do you want something small that can fit into your pocket or something larger that can take beautiful pictures?


  • Once those basics have been decided, it’s time to look at cameras. There are so many different types on the market today that it can take time to decide which is right for you. 


  • Some cameras are designed for beginners, while others are more advanced. Choosing a simple camera that won’t require too much experience might be best if you’re starting. If you’re more experienced and want more advanced, consider investing in a camera with features like manual controls and interchangeable lenses. 


  • Once again, your budget will play a big role in this decision, as will the features of the camera you’re considering.

No matter which type of photography You enjoy most – landscapes, close-ups or portraits – there’s likely a perfect camera out there for You!

How do you compose a picture?

There are a few different ways to compose a picture. Here are three:

  1. The Rule of Thirds
  2. The Golden Ratio
  3. Leading Lines


As a beginner in the photography basics world, it can take a lot of work to know where to start. This article has outlined ten basics that every beginner should know so that you can take your first steps in the right direction and create beautiful photographs that will capture memories for years to come. From understanding exposure and ISO to learning how to compose an image and work with light, this guide covers everything you need to get started in photography. So whether you are just starting out or have been shooting for years, these ten basic tips will help you grow as an amateur photographer.

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Q. What are the seven photography elements?

The seven essential aspects of photographic art are line, shape, form, texture, colour, scale, and depth. As a photographer, your understanding and awareness of these various factors can be critical to the success of your composition and in conveying the meaning of your shot.

Q. What abilities are required for photography?

A successful photographer must have the following abilities:

  • Artistic abilities.
  • Technical abilities.
  • Effective communication skills.
  • The ability to operate well under pressure and fulfil deadlines.
  • Patience, commitment, and attention to detail.
  • Ability to work both independently and as part of a team.
  • Full-time skill development.
  • Part-time skill development.

Q.How do you posture for photographs?

Posing Techniques for Photographers to Look Photogenic in Every Shot

  • Relax Your Face and Body.
  • Get Moving and Grooving.
  • Use Genuine Laughter to Add Authenticity to Your Photos.
  • Bring your earlobes forward to avoid a double chin.
  • Place your hands on your hips.
  • Attempt a Candid Pose.
  • Turn Your Body to the Side.
  • Examine Your Posture